Reference List

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Science built on the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development – FSSD, a.k.a. ‘Backcasting from Sustainability Principles’ or ‘The Natural Step Framework’.

  1. Peer-reviewed scientific articles
  2. Doctoral dissertations
  3. Other theses
  4. Blekinge Institute of Technology, completed theses, class 0f 2005-2010
  5. Conference proceedings
  6. TNS consensus documents (in Swedish)
  7. Websites
  8. Public articles and book chapters
  9. Other education materials
  10. Projects and campaigns
  11. Examples of Swedish papers in non-scientific journals on sustainable development
  12. International communities who have worked with The Natural Step and/or are using the FSSD principles in their planning
  13. Selection of international published case-studies
  14. Material in lingua Italiana


  • Eriksson, K.-E. and Robèrt, K.-H., 1991. From the Big Bang to Sustainable Societies. Reviews in Oncology. Vol.4, No.2, 5-14.
  • Azar, C., Holmberg, J. and Lindgren, K., 1995. Socio-ecological indicators for sustainability. Ecological Economics, 18, 89-112. (Also in Spanish in La realidad Economica, Buenos Aires.)
  • Holmberg, J., Robèrt, K.-H. and Eriksson, K.-E., 1996. Socio-ecological principles for sustainability. In: Costanza, R., Olman, S., and Martinez-Alier, J. (ed.), Getting Down to Earth — Practical Applications of Ecological Economics, International Society of Ecological Economics, Island Press. Washington DC.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., Daly, H., Hawken, P., and Holmberg, J. 1997. A Compass for Sustainable Development. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol, 4, 79-92.
  • Andersson, K., Hogaas, E.M., Lundqvist, U., and Mattson, B. 1998. The feasibility of including sustainability in LCA for product development. Journal of Cleaner Production, 6, 289-298.
  • Holmberg, J. 1998. Backcasting — a natural step when operationalising sustainable development. Greener Management International. no. 23.
  • Azar, C., Holmberg, J and Robèrt, K.-H., 1999. Fossil fuels and corporate economic risk assessment. Perspectives,Volume 14, Number 1, March 2000.
  • Broman, G., Holmberg, J., and Robèrt, K-H., 1999. Simplicity without Reduction – Thinking Upstream Towards the Sustainable Society. Interfaces, International Journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, Volume 30, No 3, May-June 2000.
  • Holmberg, J., Lundqvist, U., Robert, K.-H., and Wackernagel, M., 1999. The Ecological Footprint from a Systems Perspective of Sustainability. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol. 6, 17-33.
  • Holmberg, J., Lundqvist, U., Robert, K.-H., 1999. An Approach to Sustainable Product Development in SMEs. In: R. Hillary (ed.) SMEs and the Environment. Greenleaf publishing, Sheffield, United Kingdom, pp. 158-170.
  • Messerle, H. K., 1999. Eco-Effectiveness and Sustainability. ATSE Focus, No108, 16-20. November/December, 1999.
  • Rowland, E. and Sheldon, C., 1999. The Natural Step and ISO 14001. British Standards Institute (Bsi).
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 2000. Tools and concepts for sustainable development, how do they relate to a framework for sustainable development, and to each other? The Journal of Cleaner Production. Volume 8 (3) 2000, 243-254.
  • Holmberg, J. and Robèrt, K.-H., 2000. Backcasting – a framework for strategic planning. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol. Volume 7 (4 ) 2000, 291-308.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., Schmidt-Bleek, B., Aloisi de Larderel, J., Basile, G., Jansen, L., Kuehr, R., Price Thomas, P. and Suzuki, M., 2000. Strategic sustainable development – selection, design and synergies off applied tools -. UNEP Industry and Environment Review – Volume 24 – No. 1-2. Cleaner Production 6th International High- level Seminar – Montreal.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., Holmberg, J., and Von Weizsäcker, E. U., 2001. Factor X for subtle policymaking — Objectives, potentials and obstacles. Greener Management International – Issue 31, ISSN 0966-9671, Greenleaf Publishing.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., Schmidt-Bleek, B., Aloisi de Larderel, J., Basile, G., Jansen, L., Kuehr, R., Price Thomas, P. Suzuki, M., Hawken, P., and Wackernagel, M. 2001. Strategic sustainable development – selection, design and synergies off applied tools -. The Journal of Cleaner Production, 10 (2002) 197-214.
  • Broman G.I., Byggeth S.H. and Robèrt K-H.,2002. Integrating Environmental Aspects in Engineering Education. International Journal of Engineering Education. Volume 18 number 6.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 2003. “Integrating Sustainability into Business Strategy and Operations: Applying The Natural Step Approach and Framework and Backcasting from Principles of Sustainability,” in Sissel Waage, Editor. Re-Shaping Business through Nature, Genius, and Compassion. Sheffield, U.K.: Greenleaf Publishing.
  • Korhonen, J., 2004. Editorial article Industrial ecology in the strategic sustainable development model: Strategic applications of industrial ecology. Journal of Cleaner Production 12. 809–823. Research Institute for Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Kanslerinrinne 1 (Pinni B), 33014Tampere, Finland.
  • Waage, S., Smith, T., Stanley-Jones, M., Girshick, S., Meydbray, O., Shah, R.. High technology and Turn- Arounds: Impacts of the Past and Options for the Future. International Journal for Sustainable Business. Vol. 11, Issue. 2004. ISSN 1066-7938.
  • Craig, J.L. Science and sustainable development in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Volume 34, Number 1, March 2004, pp 9-22.
  • Ny, H., Broman, G., MacDonald, J.P., Yamamoto, R., Robèrt, K.-H. Strategic LCA- Reframing Traditional Boundaries Using Sustainability Constraints. Submitted for publication in The Journal of Industrial Ecology. Nov. 2003.
  • Tippett, J. The value of combining a systems view of sustainability with a participatory protocol for ecologically informed design in river basins. Centre for Urban and Regional Ecology, School of Planning and Landscape, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK. Received 6 January 2003; received in revised form 21 July 2003; accepted 1 December 2003. Elsevier, Environmental Modelling & Software 20 (2005) 119-139.
  • Herbertson, J. Sustainability: every journey is unique. WME – Waste Management and Environment. Volume 15, Number 3. April 2004.
  • Waage, S.A., Geiser, K., Irwin, F., Weissman, A.B., Bertolucci, M.D., Fisk, P., Basile, G., Cowan, S., Cauley, H., and McPherson, A. Fitting Together the Building Blocks for Sustainability: A Revised Model for Integrating Ecological, Social, and Financial Factors into Business Decision-making. Submitted for publication in The Journal 0f Cleaner Production. June 2004.
  • Waage, S., and Francis, C. The Elephant in the Room: Core Stumbling Blocks to Operationalize Sustainability. Greenmoney Journal. Summer 2004. Business and Sustainability.
  • Shah, R., and Waage S. Surf’s Up: Can the Hi-Tech Sector Catch the Next Wave? Corporate Environmental Strategy: International Journal for Sustainable Business. Vol. 11, Issue 10 (November/December 2004) ISSN 1066-7938. 2004.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., Strauss-Kahn, D., Aelvoet, M., Aguilera, I., Bakoyannis, D., Boeri, T., Geremek, B., Notat, N., Peterle, A., Saramago, J., Lord Simon of Highbury, Tietmeyer, H. and Ferrand, O, Rapporteur. 2004. Building a political Europe. Abridged Sustainability Version, formed on the initiative of the President of the European Commission, Romano Prodi.
  • MacDonald, J.P., 2005. Strategic sustainable development using the ISO 14001 Standard. Journal of Cleaner Production 13 (6): 631-643.
  • Robèrt, M., 2005. Backcasting and econometrics for sustainable planning – Information technology and individual preferences of travel. Journal of Cleaner Production 13, 841-851.
  • Ny, H., MacDonald, J.P., Broman, G., Yamamoto, R. and Robèrt, K.-H. 2006. Sustainability Constraints as System Boundaries – an Approach to Making Life Cycle Management Strategic. Journal of Industrial Ecology. 10 (1-2).
  • Ny, H., MacDonald, J.P., Broman, G., Yamamoto, R., Robèrt, K.-H., 2006. Sustainability Constraints as System Boundaries – an Approach to Make Life Cycle Management Strategic. Journal of Industrial Ecology. Volume 10, Number 1-2
  • MacDonald, J.P., Ny, H., Byggeth, S., Robèrt, K.-H., 2006. Templates for sustainable product development: a case study of televisions at Matsushita Electric Group. Journal of Industrial Ecology.
  • Korhonen J, Special issue of the Journal of Cleaner Production, 2006. From Material Flow Analysis to Material Flow Management. J Clean Prod, doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.08.005.
  • Robèrt, M. and Jonsson, R.D., 2006. Assessment of transport policies toward future emission targets. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 8:4, 1-28.
  • Robèrt, M. and Börjesson, M., 2006 Company incentives and tools for promoting telecommuting. Environment and Behavior 38, 521-549
  • Johnston, P, Everard, M, Santillo, D, Robèrt, K-H. 2007. Reclaiming the Definition of Sustainability. Discussion Articles. Env Sci Pollut Res 14 (1) 60-66.
  • Byggeth, S.H., Broman, G.I., Robert, K.H., 2007. A method for sustainable product development based on a modular system of guiding questions. Journal of Cleaner Production 15 (1), 1–11.
  • Johnston, P, Everard, M, Santillo, D, Robèrt, K-H., 2007. Reclaiming the Definition of Sustainability. Discussion Articles. Env Sci Pollut Res 14 (1) 60-66
  • Robèrt, M., 2007. A model for climate target-oriented planning and monitoring of organisations’travel and climate change policies. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 1:4, 1-17.
  • Robèrt, M., Hultén, P. and Frostell, B., 2007. Biofuels in the energy transition beyond peak oil. Energy 32:11, 2089-2098.
  • Robèrt, M., 2007. Incentives and policies toward car-sharing and ride-matching. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management.
  • Ny, H., Byggeth, S.H, Robèrt, K.-H., Broman, G. and MacDonald, J.P. 2008. Introducing Templates for sustainable product development through a case study of Televisions at Matsushita Electric Group. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 12(4): 600-623.
  • M. Schiller, B. Pelzl, P. Dolan, A. Hofer, W. Messner, 2008. “How Can I Go On – Towards a Sustainable PVC Stabiliser?” PVC ’08, Brighton, U.K.
  • Hallstedt, S., Ny, H., Robèrt, K-H. and Broman, G. 2010. ‘An approach to assessing sustainability integration in strategic decision systems’, Journal of Cleaner Production 18: 703–712
  • Missimer, M., Robèrt, K.-H., Broman, G., Sverdrup, H. 2010. Exploring the possibility of a systematic and generic approach to social sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production 18, 1107-1112.


  • Azar, Ch. Long-term Environmental Problems Economic Measures and Physical Indicators. Doctoral Thesis, Institute of Physical för Fysisk Resursteori, Chalmers, 1995.
  • Holmberg, J. Socio-Ecological Principles and Indicators for Sustainability. Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Physical Resource Theory, Chalmers University of technology and Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden. 1995.
  • Bradbury, H. The Swedish Natural Step: The Learning History of the early stages of Det Naturliga Steget. Doctoral Thesis, Boston College, The Carroll School of Management Department of Organization Studies, 1998.
  • Nattrass, B. The Natural Step: Corporate Learning and Innovation for Sustainability. Doctoral Thesis, The California Institute of Integral Studies, 1999.
  • Upham, P. An Assessment of The Natural Step as a Framework for Technology Choice. Doctoral Thesis, University of Manchester, England. 1999.
  • Lundqvist, U. Chalmers University, Göteborg. On Sustainability Indicators and Sustainable Product Development. Doctoral thesis, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg University, 2000.
  • Boström, M. Miljörörelsens mångfald (The diversity of the environmental movement) – Fallstudier av Det Naturliga Steget, Svenska Naturskyddsföreningen, Världsnaturfonden WWF, Miljöförbundet Jordens vänner och Greenpeace. SCORE, University of Stockholm. 2001. Lund, ISBN 91 7924 144 1.
  • Lamprecht, I. University, Wien. Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Philosophie an der Fakultät für Human- und Sozialwissenschaften. Unternehmenskultur und Unternehmenskommunikation in einer nachhaltig orientierten Gesellschaft. 2003.
  • Meynell, F. Awakening giants: An inquiry into The Natural Step UK’s facilitation of sustainable development with sector-leading companies. Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Systems Discipline, Centre for Complexity and Change, Faculty of Technology, The Open University, UK. 2003.
  • Robèrt, Markus. Mobility Management and Climate Change Policies. Doctoral Thesis in Infrastructure with specialization in Planning and Implementation. School of Architecture and the Built Environment Royal Institutet of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. December 2007.
  • Hallstedt, Sophie. Blekinge Technical Institute. A Foundaton for Sustainable Product Development. Doctoral Thesis with specialization in Sustainable Product Innovation, School of Engineering, Karlskrona, Sweden, June 2008.
  • Ny, Henrik. Blekinge Technical Institute. Strategic Life Cycle Modeling and Simulation Doctoral Thesis with specialization in Sustainable Product Innovation, School of Engineering, Karlskrona, Sweden, June 2009.


  • Collado, F. R. Sustainability and Green Trade Applied to the Leather Industry in Norrbotten – A Study within a Framework Provided by The Natural Step. Master of science programme. Luleå University of Technology. 1999.
  • Byggeth, S. H. Karlskrona University and Chalmers University, Göteborg: Integration of Sustainability Aspects in Product Development. Thesis for the degree of licentiate of engineering. Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg University, 2001. ISSN 0280-2872
  • Varga, Márton. ETH Centrum, Zürich University. Master Thesis at The Natural Step Framework. Procedure for case transition to sustainability of companies and organisations. 2002.
  • Lamprecht, I & Adolf, M. Master Thesis. Corporate Culture in a Sustainable Paradigm – Communication for Common Prosperity – Reconciling Economics with Society. University of Vienna. 2002.
  • Márton Varga: The Natural Step Framework: An approach for strategic sustainable development. Diploma thesis at the Natural and Social Science Interface (UNS) of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zürich, No. 04/03 ETH-UNS Haldenbachstr. 44, ETH-Zentrum HAD, 8092 Zürich. 2003.
  • Brennan, G. Imperial College London. Exploring a principle-based definition of a sustainable business using The Natural Step, Biomimicry and Systems Thinking. 2010.
Class of 2005
  • Engaging Individuals to act Strategically Towards Sustainability (Kristoffer Lundholm; Renaud Richard) Using Principles of Social Sustainability: A Strategic Approach
  • Non-Financial disclosure and Strategic Planning: Sustainability Reporting for Good Corporate Governance (Ronan Chester; Jennifer Woofter)
  • A Learning Organization? Evaluating the University of Canterbury’s Strategic Transition toward Sustainability (Mandy Tew)
  • Sustainability Accounting as a Tool for Strategic Industry Change – Using the UK Cement Industry as a Model
  • Energy Strategies Towards Sustainability: a comparative analysis of community energy plans from Sweden and Canada
  • Opportunities for Global Sustainability (Josephine Brennan; Susan Garrett; Mike Purcell) Touchpoint: A Foundation for Sustainable Product Development (Ron Durgin; Scott Grierson)
  • Strategic Community Economic Development and Small Business: Cooperation for Sustainability (Karl A. Fulson; Amy Seabrooke)
  • Entrepreneurs as Change Agents to Move Communities towards Sustainability (Laura MacKay; Ann Scheerer and Tomomi Takada)
  • Sustainable International Olympic Committee (IOC) – Sustainable Society (Birte Berlemann; Mitch Rhodes)
  • How can a destination resort development company be strategic in sustainable development? (Archie Kasnet; Carmen Turner)
  • Health and Strategic Sustainability: Business to Business (David Nelson; Renée Lazarowich) Regional Cooperation for Strategic Sustainable Development: A case study of Blekinge (Collins
  • Nwakanma Amanze; Emma Eriksson)
  • Informing Individual’s Actions through Strategic Planning for Sustainability (Kevin Cameron; Roya Khaleeli; Amity Lumper)
  • Sustainable Community Development in the Baltic Sea Region (Yuri Kazhura; Paulo Bento Maffei de Souza and Heather Worosz)
  • Transitioning towards sustainable rural electrification in developing countries: a case study of Luangwa district in Zambia (Gerald Muchu; Benny Sindowe; Pavan Kumar Vummadi)
Class of 2006
  • A Strategic Approach for Sustainability and Resilience Planning within Municipal Governments
  • (Alexandra Chuvarayan, Isabelle Martel, and Celia Peterson)
  • Strategic partnerships for transformational change towards a sustainable society (Richard Blume, Miriam Karell, and Andrew Outhwaite)
  • Building sustainable urban communities: Can a common participatory space offer a solution? (Fredrick Ebeneku-Anim, Ingrid Jacobson, Margaret McRoberts, and Pierre Munyra)
  • Entrepreneurship education and strategic sustainable development (Xiaoou Huang, Jason Niles, and Peter Sims)
  • From Clean Development to Strategic Sustainable Development: Strategic planning for the Clean Development Mechanism (Georges Dyer, Mauricio Mira, and Michelle McKay)
  • Incorporation of Sustainability constraints in Building Construction Projects: The European Example (Babatunde Olukoye)
  • Leveraging the Political System for Strategic Leadership Towards Sustainability in Africa: A Nigeria Case Study (Smart Okaeben)
  • Meeting the Challenge of Social Sustainability: Governance for profound change (Olers Marie Eriksson, Geneva Rae, and Julia Smolyaninova)
  • Carbon Neutrality as Leverage in Transitioning a Financial Organisation Towards Sustainability (Melanie Dubin, Tamara Connell, and Magdalena Szpala)
  • Sustainability Aspects and Shortfalls of Biofuel Development (César França, Kate Maddigan, and Kyle White)
  • Applying Strategic Sustainability: For Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (Rachelle McElroy, Itzel Orozco, and Renee Simard)
  • Sustainable carbon sequestration approaches to reduce atmospheric CO2 levels (Lisa Chacon, Benjamin Hornblow, Dan Johnson, and Chris Walker)
  • Sustainable Project Evaluation (John Hoag)
  • Integrating Economics with a Strategic Sustainable Planning Method; To enhance decision making processes (Kathleen Abel)
  • Transitioning towards sustainable building materials in China (Xiuying Tang and Dan Dai)
  • The Evolution of Industry towards Sustainability: A Case Study of the Olive Oil Pressing Industry
  • (Edward Anwana, Zaid Azaizeh, Onur Ozmen, and Ndi George Tebeck)
  • The Iterative Loop Method for Communicating SSD Concepts (Saruhan Araz, Michael Matulac, and Aqib Muhammed)
Class of 2007
  • Rock On! : Bringing strategic sustainable development to music festivals, Sarah Brooks; Dan O’Halloran; Alexandre Magnin
  • Introducing Strategic Sustainable Development in a business incubator, Heidi Blankenship; Viktor Kulhavý; Jonas Lagneryd
  • Planning for a Sustainable Nexus of Urban Land Use, Transport and Energy, Antoine Belaieff; Gloria Moy; Jack Rosebro
  • Communicating Sustainability through Design within Retail Environments, Daniel Hendry; Lawrence Silcox; Nobuko Yokoyama
  • The Campus Sustainability Movement: A Strategic Perspective, Michael Henson; Merlina Missimer; Stephen Muzzy
  • Community Food Systems: Working towards Sustainability and Satisfying Human Needs, Monique Monteverde; Katie Pease; Anthony W. Thompson
  • Strategies for Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Supplier Interaction Devices, Shannon E. Fitzgerald; Estela Luck A.; Anne L. Morgan
  • Strategic Sustainable Development and Knowledge Management, Kirk Tyler; Mohamed Bibri; Norman Tyler A Bridge to Peace: Strategic Sustainable Development as an approach to Conflict Resolution; Michal
  • Bitterman; Viviana Lopez; Fiona Wright
  • Enhancing planning for local energy systems by the strategic sustainable development framework; Ann Cassidy; Dephine Le Page; Sean Spender.
Class of 2008
  • Improving Decision Support Systems for Water Resource Management: Maura Dilley, Marco Valente, Chen Chen
  • Measuring Success: Indicators for Strategic Approaches to Sustainable Community Planning: Karen Stroebel, Sarah Cheevers, Alaya Boisvert, Erin Romanchuk
  • Strategic Sustainable Investing: Recognizing Value in Transitional Leadership: Timothy Nash, Nicholas Blandford, Andre Winter
  • Engaging Urban Communities of Newcomers to Sweden towards UNFCCC Climate Change Targets through Participation and Diversity: Gulderen Alimli, Mohammed Ireg, Naveed Imran, Jennifer Nichols
  • Transitioning Wood Furniture Products towards Sustainability: Weiguang Zhang, Lu Lei, Weiqing Zhang Social Dimension of Sustainable Development: Guidance and Application: Andre Benaim, Amber Collins,
  • Luke Raftis
  • Co-Creating Community with a Needs Based Approach to Urban Design and Planning: Natalie Haltrich, Ella Lawton, Geoffrey Stack
  • Design and Decision-Making: Backcasting using Principles to Implement Cradle-to-Cradle: Freek van der Pluijm, Augusto Cuginotti, Karen Miller
  • Business climate change adaptation strategies as contributions towards a sustainable society: Sophie Dunkerley, Julia Toledo Ribeiro Pereira, Timothy Nichols
  • Organizational Networks as Catalysts for Strategic Sustainable Development: Molly Doyle, Dermott Hikisch, Shawn Westcott
  • Sustainable Mining? Applying the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development to Mining Projects:
  • Patricia Mesquita, Tracy Lydiatt, Anne Nolan
  • Principles-Based Comparison Framework for Renewable Electricity Options: Anne Jonasson, Ben Kneppers, Brendan Moore
  • Sustainable Stadia Actualizing the Potential of Community- Owned Stadia Towards Sustainability: Cristhian Gutierrez, Robert Mallette, Adebola Odumade
  • Sustainability Opportunities and Challenges of Bioplastics: Eri Matsuura, Xiao Xuan, Yan Ye
  • Social Responsibility Guidelines & Sustainable Development: Integrating a Common Goal of a Sustainable
  • Society: Anastasia Dewangga, Simon Goldsmith, Neil Pegram
  • Ethical Consumers: Strategically Moving the Restaurant Industry towards Sustainability: Renate Sitch, Duan
  • Jingjing, Li Xinze
  • Sustainable Tourism Destinations – A Pathway for Tour Operators: Liane Fredericks, Roman Garstea, Sergio Monforte
  • Development of leadership capacities as a strategic factor for sustainability: Theo Van Brabant, Kimberly Edwards, Isabel Cabeza-Erikson
  • Personal Rapid Transit systems for reduction in car dependence Karlskrona case study: Rose Lichtenberg; Patricia Guimarães; Heleen Podsedkowska
Class of 2009
  • Alternative Fuels for Transportation – A Sustainability Assessment of Technologies within an International Energy Agency Scenario: Shehzad Ahmed; Marcos H. K. Conradt; Valeria De Fusco Pereira
  • Applying the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development to Water management: Hervé-Bazin Olivier; Iacovino Carlo; Ren Hanzi
  • A Holistic Approach to Sustainable Community Development in the Developing World: Ali Al-Dahir; Hye- Jeong Kang and Nicholas Bisley
  • A Strategic Approach to Sustainable Development through Official Development Assistance: Antonios Balaskas; Eduardo Lima; Tyler Seed
  • Building an International Cycling Community: Hyuma Frankowski; Kate McKeown; Joel Mulligan
  • Catalytic City Planning: Leveraging the Development Planning Process to move a Community Strategically
  • towards Sustainability with Dublin City Case Study: Caroline Nolan; Mary Ostafi; Mélina Planchenault Collaboration for Sustainability in a Networked World: Alice-marie Archer, Rong Fei, Rebecca Petzel.
  • Connected Urban Development (CUD) Initiative as an Approach towards Sustainability in Urban Areas: Khuloud Odeh, Annita Seckinger, Carina Forsman-Knecht
  • ICT and Education in Developing Countries: Shifting Initiatives toward a Sustainable Society: Lu Dai, Tiffany Finley, Susan McCormack
  • Scaling-up impacts: Knowledge-based organizations working towards sustainability: David Adema; Sarah Blenkhorn; Sarah Houseman
  • Seeds of Change: Using Urban Agriculture to Move a City Towards Sustainability: Chen Peng; Adele Peters; Treva Wetherell; Valerie Yep
  • Strategically Sustainable Environmental Assessment: Hervé-Bazin Cécile; Klinkenberg Nils; Milam Matt Sustainable Cities – Realizing the Seven Forms of Community Capital: Adrian Mohareb; Kate Murray; Chidi Ogbuagu
  • Sustainable Selves: Shifting Paradigms within Individuals as the Core Driver to Reaching a Sustainable Society: Zaida Bárcena, Jayne Bryant and Jenny Lind
  • Using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development to complement existing leadership training approaches: Natalie Safra, Josefin Nystrom, Hanzhu Deng
  • Youth Mentoring: A Strategic Move Towards Sustainability: Bilal Bin Saeed, Henry Mgbemena, Si-Ying Wu, Ying Wang.
Class of 2010
  • Nature Inspired Guidelines to Effectively Communicate Sustainability Messages Andrea Altmann, Heather Shand, Maya Givon.
  • The S-E-A-T approach to Strategic Guidance for Planning towards Sustainable Transportation Sven Borén, Stefan Alvemo, Gu Qing
  • Sustainable Supply Chains: Moving Chinese Garment Manufacturers Towards Sustainability Zach Anderson, Mark Bannister, John Silkey
  • Strategic Sustainable Product Development – A Case of an SME in the Sealing Industry Anna Barkan, Olaf Postel, Daniel Gunarsson
  • Open Source as Leverage towards Sustainable Housing Charlotte Barrow, Stephanie Peterka, Tuna Ozcuhadar
  • Applying Construal Level Theory to Communication Strategies for Participatory Sustainable Development
  • Dependable Hickory Strongheart, Fabio Bordoni, Florence Obison
  • The Business Case for Sustainability: An Investigation of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in the House Building Construction Sector in the UK and Sweden Victor Branagan, Matthew Mayer, Pravin Mallick
  • Slow Fashion: Tailoring a Strategic Approach towards Sustainability Carlotta Cataldi, Maureen Dickson, Crystal Grover
  • Engaging Action: A Systemic Approach to Communication Design of Social Marketing Campaigns for Behaviour Adoption Rebecca Dahl, Steve (Spud) Marshall, Larysa Metanchuk
  • Collaborative Services: Communities Innovating towards Sustainability Ronny Daniel, Laura MacPherson, Maurita Prato, Sophia Horwitz
  • An Innovation Approach for Sustainable Product and Product-Service System Development Kara Davis, Pinar Oncel, QingQuig Yang
  • Developing an Interconnected Worldview: A Guiding Process for Learning Simon Evitts, Dylan Skybrook, Brendan Seale
  • Moving Towards Sustainable Community Renewable Energy: A Strategic Approach for Communities Leigh Greenius, Kati Thompson, Elsa Jagniecki
  • Behind the Scenes: Media Industry Stakeholders Collaborating Towards Sustainability Georgina Guillen, Jennifer Katan, Xu Bin
  • Supporting Sustainable Rural Tourism in British Columbia through Strategic Incentives Amanda Hachey, Giuliana Netto, Lea Thuot
  • Barriers and Assets for Sustainability in Japanese Organizations Kiminori Isaka, Yurie Makihara, Samuel Pereda
  • Transportation in Shanghai: A Decision Support System to Move towards Sustainability Lu Jing, Xu Quchen, Zhuang Yangping
  • Sustainable E-waste Management: Using the FSSD in a Case study at NUR Wyeth Larson, Matthew Lobach, Ece Utkucan
  • Sustainable Neighbourhood Reconstruction in the Urban District Shangchao Lin, Peng Peng, Zhenhua Zhou Success Factors for Supporting Intercultural Engagement of Employees towards Sustainability Zhuona Li, Shahla Rajaee, Nathan Stinnett


  • Holmberg, J. and Karlsson, S., 1992. Socio-ecological Indicators. Presented at the 6th Association of European Schools of Planning (AESOP) Congress, Stockholm June 3-6, 1992.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1993. Non-negotiable Facts as a Basis for Progress. Presented at the Third Stockholm Water Symposium, Stockholm August 10-14, 1993.
  • Robèrt, K.-H. “The Natural Step – A Framework for Achieving Sustainability in Our Organizations. Presented at Pegasus Communications’. Systems Thinking in Action Conference. 1995. First printing March 1997, Pegasus Communications, Inc. Web address:
  • Robèrt, K.-H. “Cycle of Nature”. Presented at Schumacher Lectures. October 21, 1995. Dartington, Totnes. Resurgence, No. 178, p. 18-22, 1995
  • Carlson, U., Azar, C., Holmberg, J. and Lindgren, K., 1995. Socio-Ecological Indicators Related to the Energy Use in Gotland, Sweden, Presented at the Second International Workshop of the International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE) Russian Chapter “Socio-Ecological-Economic Systems: from Information to Simulation”, July 16-21, 1995 in Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia.
  • Holmberg, J., Carlson, U., Azar, C., and Berndes, G., 1996. Socio-Ecological Indicators for Sustainability for Gotland, Sweden. Presented at the International Sustainable Development Research Conference in Manchester 18th-19th Marsch 1996. Conference Proceedings, pp 97-102.
  • Holmberg, J. and Robèrt, K.-H., 1996. The Practical Applications of Socio-Ecological Principles in Back- casting Planning within Swedish Business Corporations and Municipalities. Presented at the Inaugural Conference of the European branch of the International Society for Ecological Economics, Paris, 23-25 May 1996.
  • King Carl Gustaf’s Environmental Symposium. Abstracts
  • H.M The Swedish King; Peter Raven; Molly H Olson; Paul Hawken; K-H Robèrt; Donald Aitken; Christian Azar; Jonathon Porritt; Lars Bern; Anna Lindh. Stockholm, 28 November 28, 1996.
  • Holmberg, J and Robert, K-H, 1997. The Rationale behind the System Conditions and their Applications. Presented at the Natural Step US workshop: Scientific Principles of Sustainability in Racine, Wisconsin, USA February 22-24, 1997. At the Natural Step Australia Scientific Forum in Melbourne, Australia, 12-13 February 1998. At the Natural Step UK workshop Sustainable Development: Putting Science to Work, London, United Kingdom, 6-7 July 1998.
  • Robèrt, K-H., Holmberg, J., and Broman, G. Simplicity without Reduction – Thinking Upstream Towards the Sustainable Society. Rice University Houston, Texas. Energy&Environmental Systems Institute. Published March 1997. Publication EESI-03. E-mail:
  • Robèrt, K.-H. ICA/Electrolux – a case report from 1992. Presented at: 40th CIES Annual Executive Congress. June 5-7, 1997. Boston.
  • Robèrt, K.-H. Den attraktiva hållbara kommunen. 2000-talets miljöarbete i kommunerna – så arbetar du vidare mot en hållbar miljö-. IIR, 30-31 mars, 1998. Stockholm.
  • Robèrt, K.-H. What is a “Sustainable Enterprise”? United Nations Environment Programme. UNESCO. October 14, 1998. Paris.
  • Holmberg, J. and U. Lundqvist, 1998. On Sustainable Product Development. Presented at Partnership and Leadership: Building Alliances for a Sustainable Future, The Greening of Industry Network, Rome, 15-18 November 1998.
  • Robèrt, K.-H. Tools and concepts for sustainable development, how do they relate to a framework for sustainable development, and to each other? Presented at Japanese Business Leaders ́ Conference on Environment and Development. Keynote Speech, “Strategic Leadership in Sustainable Development”. November 4-5, 1999, Tokyo, Japan. Organized by Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. (NIKKEI Journal)
  • Robèrt, K.-H., Holmberg. J., and Broman, G. Simplicity without
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    Reduction: Thinking Upstream Towards the Sustainable Society. Presented at the International Conference on Zero Emissions in Industrialized Society. Keynote Speech, “Systems thinking for strategic decision making”. November 8-9, 1999, Tokyo, Japan. Organized by The United Nations University, The 168 Committee of the Japan Society for Promotion of Science, and The Japan Management Association.

  • Byggeth, S., Broman, G., Holmberg, J., Lundqvist, U., and Robèrt, K.-H. A Method for Sustainable Product Development in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises. Presented at the Third International Symposium on Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering – TMCE2000, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Holland, April 18-21, 2000.
  • Hast, E., Oldmark, J., Huss, M., Robèrt, K.-H., and Heinz, A. How to make marginal improvements into steps towards sustainability .Presented at ISEE Conference, 5 July, 2000, Canberra, Australia. Environmental Economics Research Paper No. 7.
  • Thomas, P.P., Basile, G., and Robèrt, K.-H. Informing Indicators for Sustainable Development. Presented at ISEE Conference, July, 2000, Australia.
  • Heinz, A., and Robèrt, K.-H. Building movements to proliferate sustaining organizations – the experience of The Natural Step in Sweden . Presented at ISEE Conference, July, 2000, Australia.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., Hast, E., Oldmark, J., and Huss, M. To Move from Marginal Improvements to Strategic Planning. Presented at The Fourth International Conference on EcoBalance, The Society of non-traditional technology. November 1, 2000, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Byggeth, S.H., and Broman, G.,2000.Environmental Aspects in Product Development – an investigation among Small and Medium Sized Enterprises. SPIE International Symposium on Intelligent Systems and Advanced Manufacturing; Environmentally conscious manufacturing”, 5-8 November 2000, Boston, USA.
  • Cook, D; Oldmark, J; Willis, P; Robèrt, K-H., 2002. Strategic Planning for Social Sustainability. GIN 2002, Corporate Social Responsibility – Governance for Sustainability. June 23-26, Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • Robèrt, K-H.,2002. Sustainable Management of Materials – Applying Backcasting from Principles of Sustainability -. Proceedings from Materials Science for Future Sustainable Technologies. September 17- 20, 2002. University of Augsburg, Inst. of Physics, Germany.
  • Ny, H., Haraldsson, H.V., Sverdrup, H., and Robèrt, K.-H. 2005. System Dynamic Modelling within Sustainability Constraints ISIE Industrial Ecology for a sustainable future. Presentation at the 3rd International conference of the international society for industrial ecology (ISIE), Royal institute of technology, 12-15 June, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Byggeth, S., Ny, H., Wall, J. and Broman, G. 2007. ‘Introductory procedure for sustainability-driven design optimization’, Paper presented at International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED’07), 28–31 August, Paris, France.
  • Ny, H., A. W. Thompson, P. Lindahl, G. Broman, O. Isaksson, R. Carlson, T. Larsson, and K.-H. Robèrt. 2008. Introducing strategic decision support systems for sustainable product-service innovation across value chains. Paper presented at Sustainable Innovation 08. Future Products, Technologies and Industries. 13th International Conference, October, 27-28, Malmö, Sweden.


  • Engström,K.,Robèrt,K.-H., mfl,1990,Energifråganiettnaturvetenskapligtperspektiv,DetNaturliga Steget, Stockholm. (Energy policy from an ecological perspective. A draft translation to English available.)
  • Arrhenius, E.,Robèrt, K.-H. m fl, 1992, Styrmedel på väg mot det bärkraftiga samhället, Det Naturliga Steget, Stockholm. (Political and economic measures towards the sustainable society. A draft translation to English available.)
  • Eriksson, K.-E., Robèrt, K.-H. m fl, 1992, Metallfrågan i ett naturvetenskapligt perspektiv, Det Naturliga Steget, Stockholm. (Metal issues from a scientific perspective. A draft translation to English available.)
  • Andersson, R., Robèrt, K.-H. m fl, 1993, Den Livsviktiga Näringen, Det Naturliga Steget, Stockholm. (Agriculture from a scientific perspective. A draft translation to English available.)
  • Andersson, R., Robèrt, K.-H. m fl, 1997, På skogens villkor, Det Naturliga Steget, Stockholm. (Forestry from a sustainability perspective).



  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1992. “Educating a Nation: The Natural Step.” In Context #28, p.10-15.
  • Robèrt, K.-H. “The Natural Step – a Broker of Good Environmental Ideas”. Reported by Helen Sandberg.
  • Stockholm Water Front – A Forum for Global Water Issues, No 2, June, 1993.
  • Frankel, C., 1995. ” The Visions Gap”, Tomorrow: Global Environment Business. Vol.V. No. 3, 1995. Describes TNS as an Organizational Learning Style (a la Peter Senge) approach that focuses on sustainability. Lists four system conditions. Briefly describes early stages of TNS in the US. Suggests TNS conssensus process is an appropriate way to bridge the vision gap by eliminating it.
  • Hawken, P., 1995. ”Taking the Natural Step.” Originally published in In Context #41, p. 36
  • Hays W. The Natural Step – What one person can do: The story of Karl-Henrik Robèrt. Timeline. Issue No. 20. March/April. 1995.
  • Toms, M. ”The Natural Step to a Sustainable Future”. New Dimensions. 1995.
  • Burks, P. And Kurt de Boer, 1996. ”The Natural Step & Green Plans” Earth Light, Spring. Describes The Natural Step scientific consensus process in Sweden.
  • Bloodsworth, D., 1997. ”Area Sustainability Addressed”. The Gainesville Sun Report of The Natural Step presentation to the Gainesville, Florida community as the first in a series of lectures to educate the community about sustainable development.
  • Kranz, D. and Burns, S., 1997. Combining the Natural Step and ISO 14001. Perspectives on Business and Global Change, Volume 11, No. 4, p. 7-20.
  • Van Gelder, S. ”The Natural Step: The Science of Sustainability”. An interview with Dr. Karl-Henrik Robèrt. YES. 1998. pp. 50-54.
  • Published in Saying yes! Conversations on a World that Works for All. Edited by Sarah Ruth van Gelder from YES! A journal of Positive Futures.
  • Robèrt, K.-H. The Hope of Our Hidden Leadership. Pespectives on Business and Global Change. Volume 13, No 2, June 1999.
  • Robèrt, K.-H. Varför går det på månen men inte här? eller De osynliga ledarna. Aptit på livet eller en bok om vårt välbefinnande. 1999, sid 51-59. (the energy issue from a sustainability perspective – chapter in the utility company Vattenfalls millenium book. Translation exists in English.)
  • Robèrt, K-H. Behöver vi samarbeta? Om samarbete när uppdraget är omfattande och viktigt. Perspektiv på Samarbete. FOI, Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut. 2002. ISSN 1650-1942. Translation to English is available. Collaborating in important, large-scale projects – such as the defence of a country. ”Do we really have to work together?”Collaboration in large, crucial projects -.
  • Robèrt,, K.-H. Natural Step By Step. Pushing The Limits. An interview by Jordan Gold. Corporate Knights Magazine. 2003.
  • Robert, K.-H. Founder, The Natural Step. What are the challenges to making business sustainable? HRH The Prince of Wales’s Business and Environment Programme, 10th Anniversary publication. 2004. Interview.
  • PVC and Sustainability; Jason Leadbitter Progress in Polymer Science Vol 27, issue 10 pp. 2197-2226
  • Sustainability Assessment of Stabiliser Systems for use in PVC Pipes; K.E.Lunde, J Leadbitter, M Schiller Plastics, Rubbers and Composites 3 (34/2005) 155
  • A Strategic Approach Towards Sustainability for Vinyl Additives; L.C. Sederel, M. Hebrard, B. Cora, R. Madgwick; Rohm & Haas Europe presented at PVC 2008 10th International PVC Conference 22-24th April 2008, pp 251-260 ISBN: 978-1-86125-171-8
  • How Can I go On – Towards a Sustainable PVC Stabiliser? M. Schiller, B. Pelzl, P Dolan, A Hofer, W. Messner; Chemson-Polymeradditive AG presented at PVC 2008 10th International PVC Conference 22-24th April 2008, pp 239-250
  • Norsk Hydro ASA: Sustainable PVC at Hydro Polymers? C Smith, J Brennan MBA Case Study Published by INSEAD & EABIS June 2008


  • On-line training – 1,5 – 3 hours training based on internet/intranet. The on-line training is intended for large organizations (about 500 employees or more). Thanks to its flexibility it could be customized for each specific organization and could easily be updated.
  • The Natural Step/US Materials
  • VIDEO – Karl-Henrik Robèrt: An Overview of the Natural Step
  • Robèrt introduces The Natural Step to the Bank of America and responds to questions from the audience. 78 minutes
  • Karl-Henrik Robèrt: Overview of The Natural Step. 60 minutes; Video and Audio
  • Ray Anderson: The Interface Path to Sustainability. 60 minutes; Video and Audio
  • Karl-Henrik Robèrt: Building Consensus and Applying the Compass. 90 minutes; Video and Audio
  • Vicki Robin: Personal Sustainability and The Natural Step, The Natural Link Video and Audio
  • Rigmor Robèrt: A Woman’s Perspective on The Natural Step. 45 minutes; Video and Audio
  • Paul Hawken: Natural Capital(ism). 45 minutes; Video and Audio
  • Karl-Henrik Robèrt and John Holmberg : The Science and System Conditions – Part 1. 60 minutes; Video and Audio
  • Karl-Henrik Robèrt and John Holmberg : The Science and System Conditions – Part 2. 60 minutes; Video and Audio
  • Anthony Cortese: The Natural Step and Academia. 35 minutes; Video and Audio


  • The Natural Step household mailing. At the launch of The Natural Step, a booklet with an audiocassette was distributed to all Swedish households and schools. Karl-Henrik Robèrt took the initiative, coordinated the consensus process, authored the book and funded the project.
  • Vad håller på att hända. En bok för självträning kring rökavvänjning, distribuerades genom de svenska apoteken på 80-talet.
  • Youth Parliament for the Environment. An institution that lasted 18 years, founded by Karl-Henrik Robèrt in cooperation with Per Uno Alm. School children at 9:th grade, from across the country, took part in annual trainings around the FSSD. Facilitators from the same age-group were trained by senior advisors at TNS, where after they transferred education, materials, and practical tasks to their school-mates.
  • King Carl Gustaf’s Environmental Challenge for Sweden’s local governments. HM The Swedish King took the initiative to create a competition between the Swedish municipalities as regards their respective proactivity in sustainability matters. Karl-Henrik Robèrt was the leader of the initiative, and the competition was run three times during nine years. Applications were evaluated by use of the FSSD, in a jury lead by Karl-Henrik Robèrt.
  • Swedish Environmental Fund. TNS was cooperating with Banco funds for many years, in an initiative called “Svensk Miljöfond”. 50 publically listed companies were selected each year, by use of the FSSD, to be invested in. TNS did the selection of the companies, where after Banco performed traditional investments within the selected group.


  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1995. Tomtarna i lådan – ett tankeexperiment kring termodynamikens lagar. “The elves in the box – an experiment of thought about the laws of termodynamics”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 1/95, 14-15. (Translation in English exists)
  • Robèrt, K.-H. Kränkningen – Dagens trafiksystem bryter mot alla de fyra grundvillkoren för såväl välfärd som överlevnad. “Todays traffic system violate all four conditions for our wellbeing, and in the long run our survival.” Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 1/95, 21-22.
  • Holmberg, J. and Robert, K.-H., 1996. Solenergi — ett sätt att lösa världens framtida energiförsörjning. “Sunenergy – a way to solve the worlds future supply of energy”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 1/96, 28- 29.
  • Broman, G., Holmberg, J. and Robert, K.-H., 1996. Enkelhet utan reduktion — Principerna som kan ersätta förvirring. “Simplicity without reduction – principles that can replace confusion”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 1/96, 38-41.
  • Holmberg, J., 1996. Termodynamik och samhällelig bärkraft.”Termodynamics and social sustainability”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 2/96, 48-52.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1996. Har journalistiken förlorat sin heder? Journalistik i kris? “Have journalism lost its honor? Journalism in crisis?” Tidskriften Det Naturliga Seget 2/96, 42-44.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., Bokalders, B., Trulson, L., Wallgren, B., Nordin, H. and Olsson, R, 1996. Plastdebatt utan röd tråd. “The noncomprehensible plastic debate”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 3/96, 22-27.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1996. Tankefel som får kompassnålen ur kurs – Hur ska man bära sig åt för att ta ut rätt kurs på vägen mot en uthållig verksamhet? “Errors of thought that make the compasneedle miss north – How do we provide the right direction to planning?” Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 4/96, 30-34.
  • Holmberg, J., 1997. Viktigt att DNS kunskap förmedlas nyanserat. “The importance of communicating the TNS framework in a subtle way?” Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 1/97, 10.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1997. Genmanipulation och maktarrogans – Vilka är mest rationella – experterna eller allmänheten. “ Genemanipulation and the arrogance of power – Who are most rationale – The expertise or the public?” Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 2/97, 40-42.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1997. Ekologiska fotavtryck – en modell för att mäta miljöpåverkan. “Ecological footprint – a model to assess our environmental impact.” Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 3/4/97, 24-31.
  • Robert, K.-H., and Holmberg, J., 1997. Ekonomiska verktyg är medel, inte mål.”Economical tools are means, not goals”. Svenska Dagbladet, Brännpunkt, 10/10-97.
  • Robert, K.-H., and Holmberg, J., 1997. Använd inte Kyotoprotokollet som underlag för investeringsbeslut. “Don’t use the Kyotoprotocol as a basis for decisions”. Svenska Dagbladet, Brännpunkt, 3/12-97.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1997. Fossila bränslen & växande risker. “Fossil fuels and risk assessment”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 5/97, 20-21.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1997. Bränsleceller 2000 talets elteknik. “Fuelcells – the powertechnology of the next millennium”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 5/97, 43.
  • Robert, K.-H. and Holmberg, J., 1998. Kyoto Protokollet — politisk grafitti för den amerikanska hemmamarknaden. “The Kyotoprotocol – political grafitti for the american homemarket”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 6/97, 26-27.
  • Robert, K.-H. and Holmberg, J., 1998. Företagen leder miljöarbetet. “Proactive business at the frontier of sustainable development”. Finanstidningen, Dagens debatt, 14/1-98.
  • Robert, K.-H., and Holmberg, J., 1998. Det Naturliga Stegets Systemvillkor. “The Natural Step System- conditions”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 2/98, 6-8.
  • Holmberg, J., Robert, K.-H. and Ekval,l T., 1998. Bränna eller återvinna? Många brister i norsk studie. “Incenerate or recycle? Many intellectual deficiences in Norwegian study”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 2/98, 27.
  • Holmberg, J, 1998. Australienska forskare prövar systemvillkoren. “Australian scientists test system- conditions”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 2/98, 52.
  • Holmberg, J and Robert, K-H, 1998. Kärnkraft bygger på planekonomi. “Nuclear power is built on planned economy”. Finanstidningen, Dagens debatt, 4/2-98.
  • Holmberg, J and Robert, K-H, Ekvall T, 1998. Tre forskare om källsortering. Osaklig kritik mot källsortering. Three scientists about sorting waste, “Nonrelevant critic against sorting of waste”. Finanstidningen, Dagens debatt, 23/4-98.
  • Robèrt, K.-H., 1999. Det osynliga ledarskapet. “The invisible leadership”. Tidskriften Det Naturliga Steget 1/99, 50-53.


  • Text here


All the following are live links (updates pending)

  1. A “Golden Standard” develops from collaboration in Dublin
  2. A Sustainability Vision for the Automotive Services Industry
  3. Accommodation and Real Estate Services, British Columbia, Canada
  4. Alcoa, Canada
  5. Aliant, Canada
  6. Announcement: International Wineries Sustainability Benchmarking Project launches
  7. Antigonish Sustainable Development, Canada
  8. Aquafil’s eco pledge, Italy
  9. Ashforth Pacific, Inc., Portland, Oregon, USA
  10. Atlantic Canada Sustainability Initiative (ACSI)
  11. Axis Performance Advisors, Portland, Oregon, USA
  12. Bathurst Sustainable Development, Canada
  13. BC Hydro, Canada
  14. BECCS – Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage
  15. BOORA Archietcts, Portland, Oregon, USA
  16. Building Toward Sustainability, Literally
  17. Building towards sustainability with Pôle Sem Sud
  18. Centretown Citizens Ottawa Corporation (CCOC)
  19. City of Airdrie, Canada
  20. City of Madison, Wisconsin
  21. City of Santa Monica, California, USA
  22. City of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  23. College Campuses Become Climate Neutral Learning-Laboratories
  24. College Housing Northwest, Portland, Oregon, USA
  25. Collingwood Region, Canada
  26. Come for the scenery, stay for the food
  27. Commitment to Sustainability Drives Rapid Change at ISL
  28. Communities in Newfoundland Planning Strategically
  29. Community Engagement Toward Sustainability in Williams Lake
  30. Community Foundations of Canada
  31. Community Planning Courtesy of Rio Tinto Alcan
  32. CONVERGE – Rethinking globalisation in the light of Contraction and CONVERGEnce

    33. DHV engineering blurs the line between sewage treatment and river habitat 34. District of North Vancouver, Canada
    35. Dow Measures Up
    36. Down to Earth – Commercializing Space Technologies for a Sustainable Earth 37. Dr. Robèrt honored as an Ashoka Senior Fellow

    38. Edmonton Airports Authority Adopts Sustainability
    39. Electrolux
    40. Eugene Water and Electric Board, Eugene, Oregon, USA
    41. Gerding/Edlen Development Company, LLC, Portland, Oregon, USA
    42. Givaudan senses the challenge and opportunity in getting it right
    43. GONGOS: Greening Ottawa NGO’s
    44. Greening Ottawa NGOs–Take 2
    45. Guidebook on Municipal Sustainability Planning, Canada
    46. Halifax Regional Municipality, Canada
    47. Halifax Shambhala Centre, Canada
    48. Hastings District Council, New Zealand
    49. Health Alliance, New Zealand
    50. Helping Businesses and Municipalities Get Started with PROBE for Sustainable Business 51. Hot Lips Pizza, Portland, Oregon, USA
    52. How will Walmart do it?
    53. Hydro Polymers Limited
    54. ICI Paints
    55. IKEA
    56. Initiative pour la durabilité des communautés du Québec
    57. iNova Credit Union, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    58. iNova Credit Union, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    59. Interface reduces water use 80% per unit since 1996
    60. Interface, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    61. J.M. Bygg Construction, Sweden
    62. Japan’s adaptive ecology
    63. Low fat carbon in the South of New Zealand
    64. Max Hamburgerrestauranger
    65. Morguard: Sustainably Developing the Real Estate Industry
    66. National Film Board, Canada
    67. Nike

    68. Nike, Inc., Beaverton, Oregon, USA
    69. Nike’s Core Values
    70. Norm Thompson, Portland, Oregon, USA
    71. North American Eco-Muni Network
    72. OMSI – Oregon Museum of Science and Industry, Portland, Oregon, USA
    73. Organically Grown Company, Eugene, Oregon, USA
    74. Otago Polytechnic, New Zealand
    75. Otago Polytechnic’s Simple Pledge – ‘Do the right thing’
    76. Panasonic
    77. Pilot of Community Sustainability Planning Course an Overwhelming Success 78. Portfolio 21 Investments, Portland, Oregon, USA
    79. Prestigious Award for “Morbegno 2020”
    80. Pret a Manger, United Kingdom
    81. Real Change for the Rhine
    82. Rejuvenation, Inc., Portland, Oregon, USA
    83. Resort Municipality of Whistler, Canada
    84. Rio Tinto Alcan, Australia/Canada
    85. Rohm and Haas, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    86. Santropol Roulant
    87. Santropol Roulant, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    88. Scandic Hotels
    89. Scandic Hotels, Sweden
    90. SERA Architects, Portland, Oregon, USA
    91. ShoreBank Pacific, Ilwaco, Washington, USA
    92. Smart Urbanism – SU:LDN
    93. Sokol Blosser Winery, Dundee Hills, Oregon, USA
    94. South African Projects
    95. Sustainable Dublin, Ireland
    96. Swedbank
    97. The Co-operative Housing Federation of Canada
    98. The Co-operators, Canada
    99. The Collins Companies, Portland, Oregon, USA
    100. The Fairmont Banff Springs Hotel, Canada
    101. The Oregon Natural Step Construction Industry Group
    102. TNS in Hawaii: opening minds in a closed system

    1. Towards Sustainable Nickel
    2. Town of Caledon, Ontario striving toward sustainability
    3. Town of Canmore, Canada
    4. Town of Markham leading Golden Triangle Region toward Sustainability
    5. Town of Olds, Canada
    6. TriMet, Portland, Oregon, USA
    7. Tualatin Valley Water District, Oregon, USA
    8. Twin Ports, Minnesota and Wisconsin, United States
    9. UWO Students Making Serious Impact This Summer
    10. Valtellina: a “Learning Valley” Towards Sustainability, Italy
    11. Walmart: Living better by saving…
    12. Whistler Blackcomb, British Columbia, Canada
    13. Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada
    14. Working with Emerging Leaders at the University of Western Ontario
    15. Ziptrek Ecotours, Canada


  • Modulo di eLearning on-line “Sustainability 101” – 1 ora
  • Ronconi Marianna, 2006/2007 “Morbegno2020. Un progetto per un futuro sostenibile”. Università degli Studi di Milano. ( 1&catid=41:newsappuntamenti&Itemid=182)
  • Coppa Gabriele, 2009/2010. Analisi della Metodologia PROBE per l’Azienda Sostenibile: il caso Palm. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.
  • Max-Neef, Manfred – Elizalde, Antonio – Hopenhayn, Martin, Lo sviluppo su scala umana, Slow Food Editore, 2011.
  • Silvano Edoardo, 2010. La sostenibilità e il modello “The Natural Step”. Università della Val D’Aosta
  • Ezechieli E., 2008. “Un nuovo paradigma di abbondanza” Il primo libro della Planomia. Realtà, sogni, ambizioni della sostenibilità. Planet Life Economy Foundation, Franco Angeli p.153-164
  • Ricotti P., 2010. “Il caso The Natural Step” Sostenibilità e Green Economy Quarto Settore. Competitività, Strategie e Valore Aggiunto per le imprese del terzo millennio. Franco Angeli p. 209-218.
  • Insieme si può – il progetto scuole di Vicenza
  • Insieme Si Può: il Libro – di David K. Lind
  • The Natural Step: Strategie Sostenibili che cambiano la Società. Intervista a Eric Ezechieli
  • L’esperienza di Whistler. Intervista a Eric Ezechieli ezechieli-natural-step-ken-melamed-whistler
  • Creazione di Valore Sostenibile
  • Sostenibilità a Casa: una Guida
  • Il Framework di The Natural Step
  • Guida al Framework di The Natural Step
  • Esercizi per Insegnanti per educare alla sostenibilità.

Göran Broman: